During this stage, the barrel takes on its definitive shape, both on the outside and inside. The wood’s silky sheen is acquired after a first sand-papering. The hoops used for the raising process, and also used to help the cooper in almost all of the barrel-making steps, are removed to make way for the definitive hoops that are made of galvanised steel. The beauty and the grain pattern of the wood, the nobility of French oak in all its quintessence, brings the final hand-crafted touch once the final sand-papering has been done. In the manner of a master-craftsman, proud of his work of art, the cooper adds his initials on the chimb of the barrel. The second life of these precious oak essences from the centre of France can now begin -in contact with the best wines.